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aquavitro activate™ 150 mL

Phosphorus is one of the three macro nutrients (NPK) required by plants. It is a component of ATP, NADP, nucleic acids and membrane phospholipids. Phosphorus is mobile in plants; this means that the plants divert these nutrients from older leaves to newer leaves. Thus, deficiency symptoms appear in older leaves first. Deficiency symptoms include dark, dull, or discolored leaves.

activate™ is a concentrated (6,000 mg/L P) phosphorus source. When used as directed, activate™ will enhance and accelerate the growth of aquatic plants without enhancing algae growth. For maximum benefit, use with synthesis™.

activate™ is made with potassium salts of various phosphates, and is therefore a source of potassium as well. It contains 8,800 mg/L of potassium.

aquavitro carbonate™ 150 mL

Carbonate hardness, (KH), is a measure of the bicarbonate & carbonate content of the water. Carbonate hardness contributes to pH stability and can also act as a CO2backup reserve if CO2 levels fall too low.

carbonate™ is derived from potassium bicarbonate. It increases both carbonate hardness and potassium. The concentration of carbonate™ is 2000 meq/L (5600 dKH). In addition, it contains 78,300 mg/L potassium.

aquavitro® eight.four™ 150 mL

Many competing buffers for reef aquaria are simply sodium bicarbonate. Such buffers have a pK of only 8.0 in saltwater and simply are unable to maintain a pH above 8.0. The low buffering pK is a function of the low carbonate/bicarbonate ratio.

eight.four™ supplies a properly balanced (carbonate/bicarbonate) buffer system that yields an industry leading pK of 8.6 which makes pH maintenance of 8.3-8.5 easy. A higher pK increases the buffer’s ability to counteract inevitable acidic sources in the water. eight.four™ will safely raise marine pH while adjusting alkalinity. eight.four™ contains a concentrated, balanced blend of bicarbonate and carbonate salts designed to restore disrupted buffer systems and increase carbonate alkalinity.

If an alkalinity of 6 meq/L has been reached and a pH of at least 8.20 has not been attained, the system may be ionically unbalanced. Check magnesium levels. If magnesium is low, use ions™. However, if magnesium levels are within optimal range, the buffer ratio has likely been disrupted (the buffer ratio changes as a natural consequence of the buffer’s ability to counteract acidifying sources such as organic acids). You can raise pH without raising alkalinity using balance™.

Unlike competing products that require multi-day interval dosing when combined with carbonate supplements, eight.four™ can be dosed daily and within minutes of our calcification™ as well as balance™ and ions™

aquavitro® envy™ 150 mL

envy™ is a comprehensive carbohydrate, vitamin, amino acid, and polyunsaturated fatty acid supplement that addresses the micro and trace nutritional requirements of plants. envy™ contains ascorbic acid in a base of chlorella that contains a rich assortment of amino acids and vitamins.

Chlorella is a unique algae that grows in fresh water. It is extremely high in enzymes, vitamins and minerals, including the full vitamin-B Complex. It is over-flowing with unsaturated fatty acids, amino acids, and proteins. There are also vitamins found in Chlorella including: Vitamin C, pro-vitamin A (B-carotene), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, Vitamin B12, biotin, choline, Vitamin K, lipoic acid, and inositol. Minerals in Chlorella include: phosphorus, calcium, zinc, iodine, magnesium, iron, and copper. It contains a higher level of amino acids than spirulina and is FDA approved for use with ornamental fish.

aquavitro® fuel™ 150 mL

fuel™ is a comprehensive carbohydrate, vitamin, amino acid, polyunsaturated fatty acid, and trace element supplement developed to address nutritional requirements commonly associated with corals. fuel™ contains ascorbic acid in a base of chlorella, which contains a rich assortment of amino acids and vitamins. The health benefits of chlorella are widely known and while spirulina, a similar algae, has been regularly used in the industry, aquavitro is the first to utilize the vastly superior chlorella. fuel™ is formulated to provide nutrients available from natural tropical reef waters.

Chlorella is a unique algae that grows in fresh water. It is extremely high in enzymes, vitamins and minerals, including the full vitamin-B Complex. It is over-flowing with unsaturated fatty acids, amino acids, and proteins. There are also vitamins found in Chlorella including: Vitamin C, pro-vitamin A (B-carotene), thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, Vitamin B12, biotin, choline, Vitamin K, lipoic acid, and inositol. Minerals in Chlorella include: phosphorus, calcium, zinc, iodine, magnesium, iron, and copper. It contains a higher level of amino acids than spirulina and is FDA approved for use with ornamental fish.

aquavitro® mineralize™ 150 mL

General hardness is the divalent metal cation content of the water. In most water this is comprised primarily of calcium and magnesium. Soft water has a low concentration of dissolved divalent cations, hard water a high concentration.

The native environment of some plants (CryptocoryneAponogeton, etc.) is soft, whereas others (Sagittaria subulataRiccia fluitans, etc.) are more acclimated to hard water. In order to replicate these environments it may be necessary to adjust hardness.

mineralize™ is a blend of divalent salts designed to restore or increase general hardness.

aquavitro® premier™ 150 mL

premier™ is a conditioner specifically designed for the planted aquarium. It removes chlorine and chloramines. premier™ is non-acidic and will not impact pH. Use at start-up and whenever adding or replacing water.

premier™ is a concentrated solution of potassium thiosulfate which removes both chlorine and chloramines. Although a thiosulfate-based conditioner is not recommended for saltwater aquaria because of the ammonia produced when it reacts with chloramines, it is perfect for the planted aquarium. The ammonia produced from chloramine by premier™ is predominantly in the ammonium form, and is thus rapidly scavenged by plants*.

*John P. Grazek, in Aquariology: Fish Diseases and Water Chemistry, Tetra Press, 1992

aquavitro® propel™ 150 mL

Iron is immobile in plants; this means that plants cannot deliver iron from older leaves to new ones. Therefore, deficiency symptoms appear first on new or young leaves. Because plants use iron to produce chlorophyll, a lack of iron results in chlorosis, or yellowing, of the younger leaves. Stems may also appear short and slender. If the deficiency is severe and prolonged, each new leaf emerges lighter in color than the preceding leaf.

propel™ is a concentrated (10,000 mg/L) source of ferrous iron. This ferrous iron is a mixture of readily available and time-released iron.

If iron is provided in the ferric form (Fe3+) then it must be reduced by the plant to the ferrous form (Fe2+) before it can be utilized. This process of conversion (known as reduction) requires the plant to expend physiological energy. propel™ provides iron already in the ferrous form thus enhancing iron utilization. In addition, propel™ contains a reducing agent that helps convert any iron present (such as iron from substrate) into the ferrous form.

aquavitro® remediation™ 150 mL

aquavitro® remediation™ uses bio-augmentation, a natural and non-chemical method, to improve water quality. It provides bacteria that break down excess food, waste and detritus in freshwater and marine systems. It will also reduce excess nutrients (e.g. ammonia, nitrates, nitrites and phosphates) that may fuel the growth of nuisance and disease-causing organisms.

The bacteria species in remediation™ thrive in fresh or salt water and can utilize a wide range of organic compounds, including fats that can cause unsightly films. Unlike traditional nitrifying bacteria, this bacterial blend can adapt to harsh or low oxygen environments and continue to multiply and improve water conditions. Biopolymers produced by established bacterial colonies trap particulates and increase water clarity. The species of bacteria in remediation™ have been developed for use in aquaculture, where sludge and excess organics must be controlled to avoid disease and livestock losses. This bacterial blend is hardy enough to survive harsh aquaculture conditions, and it will thrive in your aquarium.

aquavitro® seed™ 150 mL

aquavitro® seed™ will rapidly and safely establish the aquarium biofilter in freshwater and marine systems, thereby preventing the #1 cause of fish death: “new tank syndrome”. seed™ is formulated specifically for the aquarium and contains a synergistic blend of aerobic, anaerobic, and facultative bacteria which facilitate the breakdown of waste organics, ammonia, nitrates and nitrites.

The bacteria used in competing products are inherently unstable. The conditions necessary for their growth and development fall into a very narrow range of temperatures, pH, organic loads, etc. When any of these parameters are not strictly within the proper range, the bacterial culture quickly crashes and dies. seed™ does not contain any of these short-lived bacteria. The species of bacteria in seed™ are a unique blend, specifically developed for hardiness and their ability to adapt to a wide variety of environmental conditions. The strains thrive in both fresh and saltwater.

seed™ contains both nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria, a blend found in no other product. Additionally, seed™ contains facultative bacterial strains which are able to adapt to either aerobic or anaerobic conditions.

aquavitro® Shrimp Exo™ 150 mL

aquavitro® shrimp exo™ is a stabilized potassium iodide source intended to aid in replicating the ideal environment for freshwater shrimp.

aquavitro® Shrimp pHa 150 mL

aquavitro® shrimp pHa is one part of a two-part system which aids in replicating the water chemistry found in the native habitats of freshwater shrimp by buffering water to the natural pH for each specific type of shrimp. Used according to directions, shrimp pHa maintains the proper pH parameters of freshwater shrimp while also softening water and supporting growth of plants in shrimp aquaria. shrimp pHa is made from a unique buffer system that is extremely stable and does not add sodium, which can damage plants in the aquarium.

aquavitro® Shrimp pHb 150 mL

aquavitro® shrimp pHb is one part of a two-part system which aids in replicating the water chemistry found in the native habitats of freshwater shrimp by buffering water to the natural pH for each specific type of shrimp. Used according to directions, shrimp pHb maintains the proper pH parameters of freshwater shrimp while also softening water and supporting growth of plants in shrimp aquaria. shrimp pHb is made from a unique buffer system that is extremely stable and does not add sodium, which can damage plants in the aquarium.

aquavitro® Shrimp™ GH 150 mL

aquavitro® shrimp GH™ adds a complete spectrum of minerals to the shrimp aquarium. It takes into consideration both the mineral requirements of shrimp and the mineral content of their natural waters in order to create an optimal shrimp environment. shrimp GH™ adds calcium, magnesium, potassium, and iron as well as 6 trace minerals all in the correct biological ratio for shrimp.

aquavitro® synthesis™ 150 mL

Nitrogen is one of the three macro nutrients (NPK) required by plants. It is a component of proteins and nucleic acids. Nitrogen is mobile in plants. This means the plants divert these nutrients from older leaves to new leaves. Thus, deficiency symptoms appear in older leaves first. Nitrogen deficiency symptoms include chlorosis; slow growth; and small, stunted plants with large root systems.

Nitrogen comes in a variety of forms (nitrate, ammoniacal, urea). While plants can use all three forms the form that is preferred varies by species. Thus nitrogen supplements derived solely from just one form (nitrates) will not be as effective as a supplement that provides all three forms.

synthesis™ is a concentrated (30,000 mg/L N) nitrogen source. synthesis™ is unique in that it provides nitrogen in all three forms. Approximately 50% of the nitrogen in synthesis™ is derived from an organic source (urea), while the remaining nitrogen splits at about 25% each from nitrate and ammoniacal sources.